People will seek help for a variety of reasons. Common to all, however, is that they want help understanding what their skin needs to feel good. The task of the dermatologist is therefore to assist the client with the fullest assessment of the condition of the skin. This is called skin analysis, and is one of the most important occupational instruments of the skin therapist. The skin analysis rings in a number of different factors - everything from basic skin type to general tension and elasticity of the skin, signs of premature aging as well as skin changes and other more specific problems.
In addition to the analysis helping to offer the right treatment, the customer also gets a tool to better care for their skin. Why does the skin surface feel rough in the structure? Is it moisture or fat it lacks? Can you change something in your lifestyle to help your skin feel better?
The skin analysis is done on the basis of what the client himself tells, and partly on the basis of the skin therapist's own observations in a carefully performed examination.
The skin analysis also requires access to good lighting, magnifying glass and a spatula.
1. Thickness of skin
2. The size of the pores
5. Sensitivity of the skin
6. Sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation
7. The elasticity and tone of the skin
8. Facial lines and wrinkles
9. The skin's moisture balance or turgor
11. Skin changes - subpigmentation, birthmarks and superficial blood vessels, for example.
12. Medications, such as birth control pills or other hormone preparations
1. Normal skin type
2. Oily skin type
3. Dry skin type
4. Mixed skin type - combination of other skin types; for example, the T zone - forehead, nose and chin - is oily, while the cheeks are normal
In addition to the four basic skin types, a few more specific - and common - skin conditions are usually mentioned.
2. Aging skin
3. Sensitive skin
4. External skin
5. Dehydrated skin