Most teenagers get mild to moderately severe acne with oily facial skin, comedones and superficial inflammatory papulo pustules, which are located on the face and occasionally on the trunk. Teenage acne usually passes into the 18- to 20-year-olds. When acne heals, post acne scars can occur, which is most common after deep pustules and cysts. Such scars are difficult to treat. To counteract and reduce teenage acne, one can follow the skin therapist's recommendations on skin care routines and attend regular treatments.
What Causes Acne in Your Teens?
To understand what acne comes from, you need to know how the skin works.
The pores of the skin contain sebaceous glands. When you reach adolescence, there is an increase in sex hormones called androgens. Excess hormones cause your sebaceous glands to become overactive, enlarged and produce too much sebum. When there is excess sebum, pores or hair follicles are blocked by skin cells. An increased secretion of the sebaceous glands leads to an overgrowth of bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes.
If blocked pores become infected or inflamed, an acne - a red spot with a white head in the middle - is formed. If the pores clog and close, you get acne.
Black dots are formed when the pores are clogged with sebum, but remain open, the upper surface of this sebaceous "plug" having a blackish hue due to oxidation, air exposure.
When bacteria grow in a blocked pore, a pustule may appear, which means the pimple becomes red and tender. Cysts are formed when blockage and inflammation occur deep within the pores. They create large, painful lumps under the skin's surface.
Hormone changes associated with menstrual periods can trigger acne.
There are other external factors that cause acne in your teens. They include the use of too thick face creams and inappropriate skin type skin care products.
Conditioners and hair masks that cause the body's steamed skin can provoke acne formation on the back, neck, shoulders and chest.
Clothes that rub your skin can also make it worse, especially sportswear that you don't take off after training.
In severe cases you need to visit dermatologists.